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10,000 Years BC - Resources
A selection of 10,000 Years BC learning resources are now available from TES Online
Schools booking our workshops will receive all of these learning resources (and plenty of others) as support materials. Click the image on the left to link to the relevant TES page.
Short .mp4 video clip showing an annotated rotating digital 3D model of the La Madeleine Bison, a broken prehistoric spear thrower fragment made of reindeer antler that was re-carved into the shape of a bison apparently licking its flank.
The digital model is based on a professionally produced life-sized replica of the original Palaeolithic artefact that is currently displayed in France's National Museum of Prehistory in Les-Eyzies-de-Tayac-Sireuil. Click image at left to link to the resource.
Short .mp4 video clip showing an annotated rotating digital 3D model of the Willendorf 'Venus' figurine, an 11.1 cm tall prehistoric figure with distinctly feminine characteristics, that have led some to speculate that it might be related to fertility rituals. It was carved from a piece of limestone that was not native to where it was discovered by archaeologists in 1908.
The digital model is based on a professionally produced life-sized replica of the original Palaeolithic artefact that is currently displayed in Austria's Natural History Museum in Vienna. Click image at left to link to the resource.
Short .mp4 video clip showing an annotated rotating digital 3D model of three replica prehistoric projectile points from our workshop handling collection. The flint tips were knapped in the prehistoric style by modern flint knappers, and they are hafted onto wooden shafts with natural adhesives and binding. Click image at left to link to the resource.
Short .mp4 video clip showing an annotated rotating digital 3D model of a flint-bladed prehistoric knife from our workshop handling collection. The flint blade was knapped in the prehistoric style by a modern flint knapper, and the blade is hafted onto a Reindeer antler handle with natural adhesives and binding. Click image at left to link to the resource.
Prehistoric hand axe display character and number set (A-Z, 0-9), with three different animal skin background graphics suitable for wall display or ICT presentation.
The characters are constructed from replica prehistoric flint hand axes photographed against a pale animal hide background. The image files are 1000 pixel wide .jpeg files which can be resized according to purpose. The example shown features characters reduced to 100 pixels wide displayed on one of the animal skin background graphics, with the text layer's opacity reduced. Individual characters are large enough to print to A4 size. Click image at left to link to the resource.
How Archaeologists illustrate a prehistoric hand axe. In consultation with our local authority's archaeological team we commissioned a professional illustrator to produce a report quality scale illustration of a replica Stone Age flint hand axe. A Photo of the hand axe is incorporated into the illustration, which can be used for wall display, or as a laminated reference sheet for pupils. We have successfully classroom tested this resource in our KS2 Prehistory workshops. Included are 5 large format .jpeg images of the featured artefact, and of a different replica artefact for pupils to practice illustrating, using the drawing conventions shown on the sheet. Click image at left to link to the resource.
A list of some of the people, places and websites we've found particularly helpful:
Ancient Arts: Experimental Archaeologists David and Sue Chapman and their team have provided essential training, support and inspiration for the work we're doing. Their courses in ancient technologies are excellent, and their subject knowledge is second to none. In addition to providing training and consultancy they also make and sell high quality replica prehistoric artefacts, a number of which we use in our presentations.
Will Lord's in-depth knowledge of the fine art of flint-knapping (and other key prehistoric experiences) will change any misconceptions you may hold about our Stone Age ancestors forever. To share some of his amazing insights into the prehistoric lifestyle you should give some serious thought to attending one of his courses or one-to-one tuition days. Will is a widely-acknowledged expert in his field who also produces quality replica items, and I can personally recommend him to you.
Bernard Ginelli: Many of our flint artefacts were crafted by veteran French flint knapper Bernard in his Palaios workshop in Les-Eyzies-de-Tayac-Sireuil, situated in the beautiful Vézère valley, a UNESCO world heritage site and home of France's National Museum of Prehistory. Containing 147 prehistoric sites and 25 decorated caves, this area is a must-visit location for anyone with a serious interest in prehistory.
Antiqua Perigord: Pascal has been creating replica prehistoric and historic artefacts since 1999. We use his products in our workshops and as part of our support resource pack for schools. They are popular in many museums and sites across France.
Ew Swart of Connecticut, USA specialises in replica Chalcolithic (Copper Age) tools and other items - we have expanded our handling collection with a couple of his excellent Ötzi the Iceman axe blades, which he sells from his Etsy shop.
Dragon Design (Wales): Many thanks to Tanya for providing the archaeological report quality hand axe illustration that we use in our school workshops, to inspire the archaeological illustrators and draughtspersons of the future!
Council for British Archaeology: An educational charity working throughout the UK to involve people in archaeology and to promote the appreciation and care of the historic environment for the benefit of present and future generations.
Young Archaeologists' Club: A network of UK clubs aimed at engaging aspiring young archaeologists aged 8-16.
The Museum of London has an extensive range of Palaeolithic artefacts on permanent display, and a useful selection of education resources for Primary schools, including a short YouTube video about prehistoric tools and flint knapping, as demonstrated by Will Lord.
Proud to be an Archaeologist: BBC Bitesize clip (4:10) aimed at KS1/2 pupils, introducing the work of archaeologists and how the subject has evolved over time. We had an advisory role in the production of this clip series so are proud to recommend it to you.
John Frere is widely acknowledged to be the first English antiquarian to identify hand axes as being made by our human ancestors and not being the product of nature. His short illustrated report written in 1797 not only challenged long-held biblical ideas about our distant past, but also comments on the stratigraphic sequence he observed at a clay digging site in Hoxne, Suffolk where his discoveries were made. His findings were considered so unusual that they were disregarded by other antiquarians for a further 50 years.
Archaeopteryx Antiquities: If you would prefer to purchase ethically-sourced real prehistoric and historic artefacts, visit Chester-based archaeologist George Luke's website for further details.
Creswell Crags: Britain's only known Ice Age rock art can be found at this cave site on the Derbyshire/Nottinghamshire border, where remains dating back 10-50,000 years have been discovered. The visitor's centre is open all year, with guided cave art tours running between March and September. Their website includes a searchable artefact database and useful learning resources like Virtually The Ice Age.
Prehistoric Art Timeline: With links to further information about each of the examples shown, this timeline traces the earliest known art back as far as 290,000 years ago.
Lascaux II: Discovered in 1940 by local youths when a sealed cave entrance on a French hillside gave way, the stunning Palaeolithic artwork found within has achieved lasting worldwide fame. The Lascaux II visitor site is a faithful underground reconstruction of the original cave, which is now in too fragile a condition to permit large scale visits.
Font-de-Gaume virtual tour: This cave at Les-Eyzies-de-Tayac-Sireuil offers one of the few remaining opportunities to see original polychrome (coloured) cave art, and its condition is so fragile that only 80 visitors a day are permitted into the cave system. This high resolution virtual tour isn't quite the same as being there, but it's a good alternative.
Rouffignac: Our personal favourite, this is the French cave network where original monochrome cave drawings of woolly mammoth and woolly rhinoceros can be viewed, along with visible traces of cave bears, finger art, and the enigmatic tectiform symbol that appears in other caves in the region, some apparently drawn by children.
Pech Merle: A further opportunity to see original polychrome cave art (including ancient handprints) can be found outside the French village of Cabrerets, at the Pech Merle cave and museum. Advance booking is strongly recommended for their English language guided tour.
Chauvet Pont d'Arc: Some of the oldest known cave art in Europe was discovered by French speliologists in 1994, in a limestone gorge beside the famed natural arch that straddles the Ardeche river. In similar style to Lascaux II, a huge replica cave has been constructed outside Vallon Pont d'Arc. The Chauvet cave art is also the subject of Werner Herzog's acclaimed 2010 documentary Cave of Forgotten Dreams.
More Prehistory Research Links: A selection of links to external sites, videos, and recent news stories for further research on The Stone Age and other aspects of Prehistory and Archaeology.
Palaeofacts: Did you know the oldest known European sculpture, made from Mammoth ivory, is the Lion Man, first discovered in the Stadel cave near Ulm, Germany, on the eve of WW2. It has been carbon-dated to around 40,000 years old, and at 30cms tall is also the largest known sculptural representation of this period, depicting a lion standing upright in a human-like posture. Experimental archaeologists who reconstructed the sculpture with ancient tools estimate that the original may have taken around 400 hours to complete.
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