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10,000 Years BC - What We Do

10,000 Years BC aims to improve understanding of our Palaeolithic (early Stone Age) prehistory with workshops and demonstrations that display authentic-looking replica artefacts, implements and garments of the period.

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KS2 Archaeology and Stone Age Workshops in Primary Schools

KS2 Prehistory Workshop

Our half-day KS2 Archaeology and Stone Age workshop is typically divided into two practical sessions with break/playtime in between, covering archaeology, chronology, evidence-based learning, Palaeolithic lifestyles, and hands-on history including artefact handling and recording. These workshops can run for up to three hours, dependent upon timetabling. Sessions are led by Chris, who has extensive primary teaching and subject consultancy experience, supported by Dave (ex-secondary teacher) who role-plays as an Archaeologist then dresses as a Palaeolithic Hunter. Pre-visit preparation notes and a unique multimedia follow-up resource pack are included in the programme. Outdoor bushcraft type activities are not part of our workshop, but we will display and discuss many of the related tools, by-products and materials, thus offering a firm prehistoric context for any forest school sessions you may offer. We will provide you with a full risk assessment in advance to save admin time, and will not use the projector screen or talk non-stop - we are mindful of both safety and good practice in today's classroom(!)

New for 2018-19: Two hour KS2 Stone Age 'Taster' workshop. Due to heavy demand and a full booking diary for our half-day workshops (as described above) we have introduced a shorter and lower cost format aimed specifically at schools booking us for the first time in 2018-19. Whilst the aims, style of delivery and the type of learning activities will be identical to our half-day workshop, the Archaeology element will not be covered, the chronology element will be reduced, and Dave will be the sole presenter, focussing on Palaeolithic lifestyles. The workshop will run for up to two hours' contact time with a short mid-way break, dependent upon timetabling. We will still provide support materials linked to the specific content of this workshop, along with a resin replica artefact. Please note that this 'Taster' workshop will only be available to schools located within a two hours' drive from Northwich.

Support Materials
Archaeology and Chronology are
also covered in our half-day
Our 2018-19 multimedia support
pack includes computer files,
a book, and a replica artefact.
..and we won't forget to mention
Woolly Mammoth and other
Ice Age beasts!

Our learning activities are carefully cross-referenced to the specific requirements of the 2014 National Curriculum for KS2 (Primary) History. We work with teachers, teaching assistants and up to 32 pupils per session in their own classroom, removing the need for time-consuming school trip administration and preparation, and any additional transport or staffing costs. You won't need to book the school hall, and for full day bookings we can work flexibly with a rapid room change to ensure that both classes will have sessions of equal duration.

Stone Age Boy by Satoshi Kitamura

Much of our workshop content addresses subject matter featured in the excellent children's storybook Stone Age Boy by Satoshi Kitamura, especially the numerous Stone Age activities shown on pages 16 - 17. This book is a popular learning resource in many of the schools we have visited - if you are not using it already we can highly recommend it for its accurate and accessible depictions of Stone Age lifestyles.

Schools booking our sessions in 2018-19 will receive a free copy of this book, or the Usborne book below.

ISBN (paperback): 978-1406312195
Publisher: Walker Books


Usborne Stone Age


Another book which closely matches the material we cover is The Stone Age by Jerome Martin, part of the Usborne Beginner's series. Again, accurate and accessible depictions of living in the Stone Age, backed by expert advice and supported with diagrams and photographs, but not in a story format. Aimed at readers from 5 upwards and in our opinion ideal for KS2 learners.


ISBN (hardback): 978-1409586418
Publisher: Usborne Publishing Ltd


Our workshop provides a unique and memorable starting point for the statutory Changes in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age element of KS2 History.


Feedback received from schools:

"I just wanted to say a big thank you for the day that you did in Year 3...This week I did a children's voice for topic and the children said how much they enjoyed it and they could tell me all about what they had learnt it was really impressive. They were telling me all sorts of things so thank you for making such an impact on them." Curriculum co-ordinator, Cheshire

"The recent workshop experience was fantastic for all the children and staff! Real, practical investigative learning took place.. The workshops were engaging with opportunities to observe real historical artefacts. Moreover, the children were given opportunities to voice their existing knowledge of the Stone Age as aspiring archaeologists. A final question time with Dave dressed as Stone Age hunter/gatherer really caught the children's attention.. Many thanks for this memorable experience. Highly recommended from staff and pupils." KS2 class teacher, Manchester

"Year 3 really enjoyed the whole afternoon and were very engaged and enthused by the activities - they particularly enjoyed being archaeologists! They also loved asking the 'Stone Age' man lots of questions to find out more information about life in the Stone Age. Thank you for a fun-filled informative afternoon!" KS2 class teacher, Cheshire

"The children really enjoyed the whole day! It was lovely for them to get a hands on feel of objects from the time and provided them with an excellent opportunity to apply the knowledge that they had gained over the course of the topic, through them handling artefacts and objects that would be hard come by as a NQT. A key strength of the day was the subject knowledge you both possess, Dave was especially brilliant at answering any question the children had! They also gained so much from “seeing a real life” pre-historic man. They were then able to have a brilliant visual reference to the people we have been learning about. I would definitely recommend this course to other teachers who are covering the Stone Age to Iron Age topic, or about to start it." KS2 class teacher, Cheshire

"The workshop was magnificent! The children had to recall their favourite memories of the school year so far and so many of them recalled different activities from your workshop. It was an excellent opportunity which supported our teaching very well and helped their Stone Age topic come to life.  We will definitely book you in again for another fun-filled and exciting morning! Thank you." KS2 class teacher, Cheshire

"Thanks ever so much again for the wonderful day you provided for us...The children chose their genre as to how they shared their learning - so some pretended to be archaeologists and did diary entries, some did information leaflets, others did non-chronological reports and some stories! I've been recommending you to everyone I meet." Y3/4 teacher, West Yorkshire

"Thanks again for the 10,000 BC workshop. The children are still talking about it now! It was thoroughly enjoyed by all. I have attached some letters the children wrote to you." Y3 teacher, Cheshire

10000 Years BC feedback

For further Primary Workshop details, rates, and bookings please contact us by e-mail.



Summer term 2019 : A few dates in late June are still available.

Autumn term 2019 workshops will commence on Monday 23 September - bookings are already underway.

To avoid disappointment please contact us as soon as possible for all 2019-20 bookings, especially the Autumn term, which is very busy for us. If you are re-booking please don't leave it too late to get in touch!

We only invoice schools after our sessions have run, and we do not ask for a deposit.


If you think 10,000 Years BC can be of assistance in any context or at any time, please contact us.


Events, museums, historic sites, history-based organisations and societies

Palaeolithic hunter

Presentations, workshops or longer visits at your chosen venue, attendance at conferences, open events or at collection, exhibition, and gallery launches.

Dave has previously worked as a school teacher and as a visitor guide at a working museum, so is familiar with presenting our heritage to audiences of all ages and interests.

horrible histories
Living Prehistory

During 2015 we supported a museum exhibition opening, offered a workshop at the Horrible Histories stage show in Llandudno, and attended a living history event at Cheshire's Beeston Castle.

We ran two practical sessions for delegates at the Historical Association's 2016 conference in Harrogate, and ran a further two sessions for the SHP Inspiring Primary History Conference at The British Museum in December.

In October 2016 we ran an exhibitor's table at The Midland History Forum at Birmingham University's School of Education.

In 2017 we also ran a practical session for delegates entitled The Stone Age - Hands On Prehistory, which was well received. We attended the Northern History Forum at Leeds Trinity University in November, not only as exhibitors but also running a session entitled Surviving The Stone Age, which was attended by over 20 delegates from a variety of educational organisations.

To discuss your requirements and our rates for any event related work involving 10,000 Years BC, please contact Dave Trevor


Hunting and Gathering - where we've been and what we've seen in 2016 & 2017

John Frere Hand Axe

Kendrick's Cave Horse Jaw

Chauvet Cave Artists

Formby Footprints

Coastal hunter gatherer 2017


Carden Blade

Condover Mammoth


In addition to running our school workshops, Chris has been running teacher training courses around the North West as part of her consultancy role, and Dave has been attending 'in character' as a surprise afternoon guest at those with a History theme! During Spring we had a guided tour of the prehistoric footprints that can be found on the beach at Formby Point. May's Historical Association Conference at Harrogate was a first for us - we ran two delegate sessions on Primary School Prehistory. In June Dave spent a day receiving one-to-one flint knapping tuition from expert tutor Will Lord, in Suffolk, which provided some fascinating insights into the technical sophistication of our ancient ancestors. We also took the opportunity to visit Ipswich Museum and see one of John Frere's early hand axe finds (top photo), along with other prehistoric artefacts.

Another artefact of note that we saw in June was the decorated Kendrick's Cave Horse Jaw (second photo) which was on display at Llandudno Museum until August. July found us gazing in awe at Creswell Crags' unique Palaeolithic cave art inside the Church Hole Cave on the Derbyshire/Nottinghamshire border.

Our autumn trip to Europe included a visit to the brand new Caverne Pont d'Arc reconstruction (third photo) of the Chauvet Cave in France's Ardeche region, where some of Europe's earliest known cave art was discovered.

We also paid our respects to Ötzi the Iceman in the South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology at Bolzano in northern Italy, on our way through to Austria, where we found ourselves face to face with The Willendorf Venus in Vienna's Natural History Museum. Along the way we picked up more materials for our handling collection, including amber, obsidian, and some generously proportioned red deer antlers. Quite a trip all told.

We rounded off 2016 by offering two practical workshops at the SHP Inspiring Primary History conference at The British Museum. Apart from meeting (and hopefully enthusing) more teachers it also gave Dave the chance to pop upstairs and peruse the European Prehistory gallery.

During 2017 we've been running school workshops in new locations, having already made our first inroads into Birmingham and Staffordshire.

In February Dave returned to Formby Point, where he spotted some lines of prehistoric human footprints in the ancient clay beds that had been scoured clean by winter storm conditions (fourth photo, scale = 1 metre). Two sets made by adults, and another set made by a smaller person, possibly a child. Fortunately a pair of archaeological researchers were on hand nearby to record them before they disappeared.

During April we toured around France, visiting the caves at Cougnac and Rouffignac (again) and returned once more to France's National Museum of Prehistory. Along the way we purchased more resources and replicas, including four superb hunting darts from flint knapper Bernard Ginelli's Palaois workshop. We also accepted a very kind invitation from Pascal of Antiqua Perigord to stay at his home in the lovely rural Dordogne countryside, where we saw the workshop from which his excellent replica artefacts are sent to museums and sites all over France. They're also sent to us for distribution in English schools, and we have a new range in the pipeline for September. As the year progresses Dave is planning to make a second set of garments from Reindeer hide using replica stone age tools rather than their modern equivalents.

In early July, Dave became part of a tribe of ten outdoor and prehistory enthusiasts on Will Lord's and Patrick McGlinchey's five day Skills of the Coastal Hunter Gatherer course, based in a remote bay on Scotland's Cowal peninsula. He was introduced to a range of prehistoric survival skills including shoreline foraging, coracle building, basket making, cordage weaving, net making, fish skin tanning, harpoon making, and the all-important butchering of a carcass with flint tools. Fascinating stuff, and a thoroughly enjoyable experience that will help to enhance our offering in future classroom and training sessions.

In August and October Dave assisted Cheshire East's countryside ranger service with a prehistory-themed guided walk entitled 'Ice Age to Iron Age' on Bickerton Hill, a prominent feature of Cheshire's Sandstone Ridge. It is hoped that these walks will be repeated next year. Dave also visited the Alderley Edge Copper Mine on a guided tour courtesy of The Derbyshire Caving Club, taking a close up look at where copper ore was extracted as far back as the early Bronze Age.

Our Autumn trip to Europe took us to the Urgeschichtliches Museum in Blaubeuren, in the heart of the Schwabian Alb region of Germany where some of the world's oldest portable art has been discovered in nearby limestone caverns. We were able to see not only the 'Schwabian Eve' carved figurine, but also the earliest known bone and ivory flutes, the diving waterbird carving (see photo), and the Little Lion Man, who is extremely little! The Museum's display of Palaeolithic artefacts and reconstructions was among the best we have visited so far - highly recommended. We also visited the Pfahlbauten lake village reconstruction on Bodensee, which, although a little later than our usual period of interest, is nevertheless a fascinating place to go to. A further trip to the Rosgarten Museum in Konstanz revealed more stone age finds, displayed in a manner that doesn't appear to have changed for about a century - an Edwardian antiquarian would have been well at home in their gallery.

During the late autumn we ran exhibitor's tables and practical sessions for delegates at both the Historical Association's Midland History Forum in Birmingham and the Northern History Forum in Leeds. Our mission to dispel popular myths about The Stone Age continues on all fronts!

Moving into 2018, the winter term school workshops are now done, and the autumn term bookings are filling up fast. The sample boards we introduced last September have proven popular with the children, and we will be looking at refurbishing our handling collection over the summer.

Cheshire's Sandstone Ridge Trust have launched an exciting new project for 2018 called Beneath The Ridge : Caves and Mines in which we plan to create a comprehensive list of the natural and man-made caves, rock shelters and other cavities beneath the Ridge. Dave is on the steering committee for this project and has already visited Liverpool University's Department of Archaeology, Classics and Egyptology, where he was able to handle and study Cheshire's oldest known prehistoric implement, a late upper Palaeolithic Creswellian stone blade excavated at the Carden Rock Shelter in the 1990s (see photo).

A weekend away in March took us through Shropshire, where we came face to face with a full-sized reconstruction of the Condover Woolly Mammoth (see photo) in the excellent and informative Shropshire Hills Discovery Centre at Craven Arms. The original mammoth was a highly significant find for the UK, indicating that the species survived around 4,000 years later here than previously thought.

Our spring trip to France took us to three new sites of interest for our work, starting with the Musée des Merveilles in Tende, where a wealth of information can be found about the Mont Bego rock engravings, which date to around the time when Otzi the Iceman was traversing the Alps some way to the east. A little after our main period of interest, but Otzi and his era do get an honourable mention in our workshops, and these open air engravings are unique. Our next port of call was Bourgogne, where we paid a visit to the Grottes d'Arcy to see the Palaeolithic paintings at the far end of a wonderful limestone cavern full of natural concretions and features. A most entertaining and informative tour was offered at this site some distance from the better-known locations further south. Finally, to round off, a cycle trip along the Seine to the Musée Archéologie Nationale at Saint Germain-en-Laye near Paris, for their unrivalled collection of Palaeolithic portable art, including the beautiful Dame de Brassempouy, whom we finally encountered face to face. Somewhere in between we also had a holiday!

A summer excursion to Formby Point revealed more Mesolithic tracks in the ancient clay beds, including a group of deer, some canine (dog? wolf?) tracks, and a few more human prints including one huge one. A surprise find on a beach on the Lleyn Peninsula was more exposed clay beds, this time with fragments of ancient trees protruding. Not much information is available apart from the suggestion of an ancient forest from the Mesolithic period. It certainly wasn't a shipwreck. Such beach sites are more normally exposed by autumn and winter storms.

The replica artefact collection continues to evolve - Dave is currently working without a great deal of luck on trying to recreate sandstone oil lamps in the style of the famous Lascaux lamp. Definitely a case of learning from one's mistakes! He's had better luck with upgrading the harpoon from a single point to a trident (see photo), as many harpoon tips only have barbs on one side. In doing so, the purpose of the pointed lugs near the base of some central harpoon points may now be clearer - as supports for the outer points. Such is the nature of experimentation.

Our autumn holiday destination this year was Denmark, but not before we'd dropped in on the excellent Neanderthal Museum near Dusseldorf, situated in the river valley that gave its name to our evolutionary cousins. Denmark has huge amounts of flint lying around, everywhere, so we took advantage of this and piled a good few specimens into the back of our camper van for use back home. It's no coincidence that Denmark's 100 Kroner note features an ornate prehistoric flint dagger.

First stop in Denmark was the Stenaldercenter at Ertebolle, a village in Jutland that lends its name to a cultural group of Mesolithic coastal dwellers. We received a friendly welcome there and we learned some new things, including how to identify good and bad flint by tapping it, and how the unusually-shaped transverse arrowheads were made. We wish them well with the re-launch of their outdoor demonstration area following a grant of new funding. The Moesgaard Museum at Aarhus has some unique coastal dweller artefacts and displays, along with Graubelle Man, preserved in a peat bog since his untimely death in the Iron Age. Denmark's National Museum in Copenhagen has a wide range of unusual and intricate flint implements, along with a beautiful amber bear pendant, and bog bodies and related artefacts from later prehistory. An additional bonus was the exhibition of clothing and equipment from peoples who've lived in far northern latitudes, in a manner not dis-similar to the Ice Age. Dave also managed to pick up a Baltic amber necklace for a very reasonable sum on a market stall in Copenhagen, and has re-worked the beads into his Stone Age demonstration necklace.

The highlight for us was the Sagnlandet open air museum at Lejre, unusual for its particular focus on the Stone Age through to the Viking Age, rather than just the later periods more common to other such museums. We arrived at their Mesolithic lake settlement in time for a generously provided hot snack of items foraged by a school group under the capable leadership of their two Stone Age guides. Freshwater mussels - yum! The centre also has a herd of Heck Ox roaming free in a huge enclosure - these retro-bred animals are the closest anyone will get to seeing an Aurochs, and they're still a full third smaller than their prehistoric ancestors. Dave discovered that whistling can get their attention at a distance, and managed to take some photos of running oxen strangely reminiscent to the Lascaux cave paintings. He was certainly glad of the fence around their enclosure when they headed his way at speed. We also visited a couple of Viking ship sites (Ladby & Roskilde) which were most interesting, but they're far too late to describe on this website!

Also worthy of an honourable mention - on the journey home Dave visited the Archeologiemuseum in Bruges and was most impressed with their presentation of the Archaeologist's work in relation to the artefacts and finds on display there.

A quick September foray into Northern France for a flea market found us spending a spare afternoon at Samara, the archaeology and prehistory-themed visitor park near Amiens, where fire lighting with marcasite and flint was ably demonstrated to us, amongst other things.

In October Dave returned to the Backwoods Survival School near Glasgow for a buckskin hide tanning course, camping in woodland as the temperatures began to drop. What a messy, strenuous, time-consuming and demanding task that turned out to be, but at the same time an absolutely essential prehistoric skill. Thank you to Patrick McGlinchey for upping our game once more, and for sharing his specialist knowledge and experience.

During 2019 another string will be added to our metaphorical bow - Dave has volunteered to work between February and October on the English Heritage Bronze Age roundhouse reconstruction project at Beeston Castle directed by Luke Winter of Historic Concepts Ltd. Dave was an archaeological site volunteer at Beeston during 1980-81, so it will be a unique experience to switch from Field Archaeology to Experimental Archaeology at the same site after nearly 40 years! It will also be useful to learn more about Ötzi the Iceman's period of prehistory, and good exercise too as it's all being completed by hand. Luke is keeping a week-by-week project blog on his website.

In May we'll be offering another session for school teachers and heritage educators at The Historical Association's Annual Conference in Chester - about as close to home as it could get. The session is called Surviving The Stone Age.

By the end of the summer term we should also have passed a special milestone - over 100 different primary schools will have booked our KS2 workshops, with many of them having made repeat bookings over the previous four years. Our sincere thanks to all of you out there - it's been great fun working with you.


Palaeofacts: Did you know the prefix 'Palaeo-' means 'older' or 'ancient', so it is used to describe the study of dinosaur and fossil remains (Palaeontology). In the context of the Stone Age, 'Palaeolithic' defines the earliest period of stone (lithic) tool use, or 'Old' Stone Age. The later periods were the Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age) and and the Neolithic (New Stone Age). The terms Palaeolithic and Neolithic were first coined in 1865 by John Lubbock, in his influential archaeology text  "Pre-historic times, as illustrated by ancient remains, and the manners and customs of modern savages".
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